FormallySouth African a system of dividing a couple`s property at the end of the marriage, which provides that the person whose assets have increased less during the marriage can claim responsibility for causing damage or injury to a particular person of the person whose assets have become legally stronger, so you have to pay them something, a fact or set of facts sufficient to justify legal action The judge`s instructions to the jury before it begins its deliberations on the substantive questions to be answered and the legislation to be applied. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to rule on cases. the principle that judges should base their judicial decisions on written laws and precedents without regard to their personal and political opinions A legal entity that is not human but has many rights and obligations, such as a company, government agency or NGO that is formally legal to participate in a mock trial, Usually as part of a law student`s training, legally a person or organization that has someone to represent them in legal and business matters related to a person`s refusal to do something they are legally required to do, such as complying with an agreement or paying a debt in habeas corpus – A pamphlet often used to bring a prisoner to court to determine the lawfulness of their detention. A detainee who wishes to argue that there are insufficient grounds for detention would file an application for habeas corpus. It can also be used to detain a person in court in order to testify or be prosecuted. A situation in which lawyers, doctors, and other professionals are legally allowed to keep secret their discussions with individuals relating to civil suits in “fairness” rather than “law.” In English legal history, courts of “law” could order the payment of damages and could offer no other remedy (see damages). A separate “fairness” tribunal could order someone to do something or stop something (e.g., injunction). In U.S.

jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is always important. For example, a jury trial is generally available in “legal cases,” but not in “fairness” cases. legal to validate a legal document by signing or legally sealing it to officially tell someone that you intend to do something In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee that an accused will receive a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of a person who is confronted with an adverse act that threatens liberty or property. Law relating to things that have no physical form a legal examination to show that the cause of an action was not only factual but also the legal cause of a particular jurisdiction of result – (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have jurisdiction to hear the same case at the same time. Some issues may be brought in state and federal courts. The plaintiff first decides where to file the lawsuit, but in some cases, the defendant may try to change the court. (2) The geographical area in which the court has jurisdiction to hear cases.

For example, a federal court in a state can generally only decide a case arising from lawsuits filed in that state. an agreement under which a legal representative controls the money of a person such as a government official who does not receive specific information about how their money is being handled an act that harms someone and for which you may be held legally liable, even if it is not a crime or a right under a contract in certain situations, The words legitimate and legal are roughly equivalent. However, legitimate may refer to a right or legal status, but also, in the case of extensive use, to a right or status supported by tradition, custom or recognized norms. Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to submit its claim to a debtor`s future wages. In other words, the creditor requests that part of the debtor`s future salary be paid to him for a debt owed to him. Governmental body empowered to settle disputes. Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “The court read the pleadings.” A lawsuit brought by a plaintiff against a defendant, based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. The legal money that a person involved in a court case must give to pay the lawyers and the court, usually after losing the case The study of the law and the structure of the legal system The chapter of the Insolvency Code that provides for the settlement of debts of a “family farmer” or “family fisherman”, as defined in the Insolvency Code. The right as set out in previous court decisions.

Synonymous with precedent. Similar to the common law, which stems from tradition and judicial decisions. Imprisonment for two or more offences to be served simultaneously and not consecutively. Example: Two five-year prison sentences and a three-year term if served at the same time result in a maximum of five years behind bars. The glossary of legal terms defines more than 100 of the most common legal terms in easy-to-understand language. The terms are listed in alphabetical order and can be best accessed by selecting a letter here: The legal system originated in England and now used in the United States, which is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical sequence of judicial decisions. Common law principles can be changed by statute. If a court decision is final, it cannot be brought before a higher court A full-time attorney hired by federal courts to defend defendants who can`t afford a lawyer. The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Counsel Programme in accordance with criminal law. someone to whom a right or liability is legally conferred legal harm to your reputation, career or feelings by someone or something The meanings of lawful and legal largely overlap; However, licit may apply to conformity with laws of any kind (e.g., natural, divine, general, or canonical). legally something promised or given by a party in exchange for something promised or given by another party legal responsibility to cause damage or harm, or for payment for something, if a court decision is objectionable, a court or other authority may be required to legally modify it, If the property reverts to its former owner, a regular trip from a judge is returned to that owner to hear court cases in a court in a specific region A claim arising out of or related to a bankruptcy case that begins with the filing of a complaint with the court, that is, a “process” that takes place as part of a bankruptcy case.

Legal The process of providing evidence and other documents to persons involved in a court case A written statement filed in a court or appeal proceeding explaining a party`s legal and factual arguments. A legal procedure to deal with the debt problems of individuals and companies; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code.